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Collection 2

July 29(Sat.) - September 18(Mon., Holiday), 2006

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1. Modern Art from Europe and the U.S.
The first half of the 20th century was a period of great experimentation and creativity that rewrote art history. In this exhibit, we showcase some of the most well-known works of European and American modern art. Among these are pieces by Paul Cézanne, who got his start with the Impressionist of the 19th century and went on to lay the foundation for modern painting; Pablo Picasso, who, beginning with Cubism, took bold steps to develop new expressions in painting; Wassily Kandinsky, the foremost pioneer in abstract painting; Max Ernst, one of the most representative painters of Surrealism.

2. Contemporary Sculpture
In this exhibition, we look back at variety of three-dimensional expressions created during the 20th century. The sculpture of Henry Moore expresses the overflowing vitality of life through organic and abstract forms which are reminiscent of the human figure. By reproducing objects that the artist himself used in his childhood, Christian Boltanski's works encourage us to consider our memories of the past, while Jean-Pierre Raynaud offers simple representations of his own body using commercially available tiles.

3. Shigeo Anzai: Portraits of Artists
In this exhibition, we present portraits of American artists by the photographer Shigeo Anzai. Anzai's work documents a variety of contemporary art sites throughout the world, including artistt' studios and exhibition spaces, performances and installations, which he began visiting in the 1970s. We have selected photographs of six artists, including Rechard Serra and Andy Warhol, whose work is currently on display in the museum.

4. The Development of Post-War American Art
Abstract Expressionism, as seen in the work of artists such as Willem de Kooning, whose violent touch emphasized the materiality of paint, is often said to mark the birth of American abstract art. Minimal artists of the late 1960's then attempted to omit subjective expression and pare their work down to the most essential components of painting and sculpture. By turning the materiality of a substance or traces of an act works of art, Richard Serra and Robert Smithson provided a unique interpretation of the questions which had been raised by postwar American art.

5. Shusaku Arakawa / Yayoi Kusama / Tadaaki Kuwayama
In this section, we introduce three Japanese artists who were based in the U.S. in the late 1960s. Shusaku Arakawa attempted to express his own mental processes in painting through the use of letters and symbols. Yayoi Kusama explored a singular internal world based on an endless proliferation of polka dots and nets. Tadaaki Kuwayama focused on minimal art in paintings which combined luminous fields of color.

6. From Neo-Dada to Pop Art
The Neo-Dada of Jasper Johns and Robert Rauschenberg received much attention in the late 1950s as part of the movement which had started with abstract Expressionism. The two artists' works, which incorporated American flags and photographic images from the newspaper, exerted a marked influence on Pop Art in the 1960s. Work by Andy Warhol and Roy Lichtenstein, which quoted everyday images that were generated by the mass media, reflected the reality of an America that had successfully developed into advanced consumer society.

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